How Ellie Harrison’s show brought us fifty years of Greater Manchester transport history on wheels

Baroness Castle of Blackburn (played by Summer Dean, left of centre) with the eight skaters.
  • Bus Regulation The Musical.
  • Manchester Art Gallery, 28 September 2019 (2pm and 3pm).
  • Produced by Ellie Harrison.

I could think of several ways of spending half an hour of my leisure time. One is listening to the entire ‘B’ side of Foxtrot, Genesis’ 1972 LP which includes the magnificent Supper’s Ready. Another is sitting on a 216 bus or tram bound for Manchester city centre. By opting for the latter, I unearthed a little gem in Ellie Harrison’s production, Bus Regulation The Musical.

In roughly the same time as an off-peak journey on the 216 bus from Ashton-under-Lyne to Piccadilly Gardens, Ms. Harrison’s production gave us an accessible insight into the Greater Manchester bus scene since the 1960s. The easiest way of bringing this story to the masses was inspired by Starlight Express.

Pitched at the average bus user instead of transport geeks (like yours truly), the script is jargon-free and reflects the passenger’s experience of Greater Manchester’s buses. In thirty magic minutes, we see how fifty years of bus history is dramatised by eight roller skaters. We also see how a former Labour Transport Minister has been raised from the dead.

Barbara Castle

Baroness Castle of Blackburn (or Barbara Castle MP – née Barbara Betts) was born in Hyde as Barbara Betts. Before being a Labour MP for Blackburn, she was educated at Bradford Grammar School. After the 1979 General Election, she became Labour’s first leader in the European Parliament.

In the mid to late 1960s, she was best known for her role as Transport Minister. Apart from being the only female one of the 20th Century, she didn’t have a Driving Licence. Therefore she knew a thing or three about public transport undertakings, and her best known work is the 1968 Transport Act. This led to the formation of Conurbation Transport Authorities – later Passenger Transport Executives and in Greater Manchester’s case – Transport for Greater Manchester.

Taking us through our journey was Summer Dean, who played the part of Barbara Castle. One who had turned in her grave over the demise of the Trans-Lancs Express service, swingeing cuts to the 343 route and, most egregiously, HM Government’s shotgun divorce of GM Buses. As the former Transport Minister, Summer’s delivery was clear and backed by slides detailing each stage of Greater Manchester’s bus history.


After announcing the 1968 Transport Act, we see our eight roller skaters for the first time. They are seen wearing costumes inspired by SELNEC PTE’s predecessors (all designed by Ellie Harrison). Leading the way was a skater in the red and cream of Manchester Corporation, followed by a fellow skater in the green and cream of Salford City Transport. At the back was a skater in SHMD’s green and cream. With eight skaters, this meant the omission of Ramsbottom and Ashton-under-Lyne from the founding municipal operators.

Each skater is dancing to the beat of their own municipal drum. When Summer announces the arrival of SELNEC, a quick costume change sees them donning the Lazy ‘S’ badge and the Sunglow Orange and Metropolitan White cloaks. All eight skaters are in control as part of a happy family.

With a quick change from the Lazy ‘S’ to the M-blem of Greater Manchester Transport, we see more of the same. By then, Summer mentions the achievements of GMPTE with new bus/rail interchanges, integrated ticketing and connections, and electric buses.


Halfway through the show, the synchronisation is interrupted as the visual display switched from an orange 1970s to a blue 1980s. Yes, the chaos of bus deregulation.

In Starlight Express, there is a racing element between diesel, steam, and electric locomotives. In Bus Regulation The Musical, this is introduced when we get to 1986. This time we see skaters representing The Bee Line Buzz Company, Finglands, Mayne of Manchester, and Citibus – alongside skaters that have traded in their M-blem for a GM Buses logo.

At that point, the dancing is more chaotic. We later see quick costume changes where the GM Buses party is split into GMS Buses and GM Buses North. Then, fast forwarding us to 1996, we see the GMS Buses skater donning a Stagecoach cloak, shortly before the GM Buses North skater donned the First cloak.

By then, our slightly more grizzled Barbara Castle mentions the cuts that have been made to Greater Manchester’s bus routes. There, she also cites the improvements made to the rail network and the arrival of Metrolink. To comic effect, we see how the UK North skaters muscle in on the Stagecoach skaters (in Magic Bus and standard Stagecoach Manchester incarnations).

Bus Regulation

Like the beginning of the musical, we went full circle towards the end. This time towards an integrated future network as per Andy Burnham’s Our Network. We see our skaters donning black and white outfits with the First and Stagecoach logos giving way to the New TfGM M-blem. The comic capers of the Stagecoach/UK North tussle gives way to the joyous synchronisation of the SELNEC and Greater Manchester Transport scenes.

Needless to say, this paves the way for a potential follow-up and a number of spin-offs. With a successful airing at Manchester Art Gallery, this could be wheeled out to other parts of Greater Manchester. Perhaps the Greater Manchester Museum of Transport could be a good venue. If First Greater Manchester didn’t close the Pennine Lounge at Oldham depot, that could have been another ideal one.

Like the premise of bus re-regulation and integrated transport policies, cooperation made Bus Regulation The Musical possible. As well as Ellie Harrison, there was Summer Dean’s creative background and her work with the Association of British Commuters. Also Pascale Robinson through the We Own It campaign group, which believes in public services for people instead of profit.

What’s more, the audience response was marvellous. Especially with a healthy amount of booing for anything to do with bus deregulation and the Conservatives. There was also a few boos for Stagecoach, more to do with its outspoken co-owner’s politics than the current state of the 389 route.

For me, Bus Regulation The Musical was well worth seeing. I made my journey on the Metrolink to St Peter’s Square, after getting a bus to Ashton. Before deregulation, I could have got a single bus there and back to Piccadilly Gardens and made the short walk to Manchester Art Gallery. For 20p on two journeys (child fare). Every half hour.

Bus Regulation The Musical aims to play a part in taking back control of Greater Manchester’s bus routes. I would be surprised if children’s fares were ten pence again. Seeing the 220 upgraded from five journeys a week to once an hour from 5am to 12 midnight seven days a week would do me (with an upgrade for the 221).

If Bus Regulation The Musical is on elsewhere in Greater Manchester, I suggest you ought to go and see it. A superb half hour’s worth of entertainment.

The genius behind Bus Regulation The Musical, Ellie Harrison, and the eight skaters.

S.V., 28 September 2019.

8 thoughts on “Bus Regulation The Musical: The Review

  1. Hi Stuart, great to meet you on Saturday and thanks so much for this superb write-up. I’m so glad you enjoyed the show and thought it a reasonably accurate account. Much of the research was done on your blog of course, along with the key references below and news articles from Manchester Evening News and BBC News regarding the UK North fiasco. I hope they’ll be a chance to do it again some time. I’m keen to start researching on a Glasgow version! And maybe more of the old PTE areas. All the best, Ellie

    Bus Regulation: The Musical

    Pooley, Colin G, Turnbull, Jean, 2000, Commuting, transport and urban form: Manchester and Glasgow in the mid-twentieth century, Urban History
    Bray, Jonathan, 2008, Barbara Castle and the Story of the 1968 Transport Act, PTEG
    Morris, Stephen, 2017, Buses of Greater Manchester in the 1960s, Museum of Transport Greater Manchester
    Morris, Stephen, 2018, Buses of Greater Manchester in the 1970s, Museum of Transport Greater Manchester
    Williams, Paul, 2017, North-West Buses in the 1980s, Amberley
    Brown, Stewart J, 1995, Greater Manchester Buses, Capital Transport
    Vallantine, Stuart, 2011, Lost Bus Companies of Greater Manchester: 25 from 25 Years of Bus Deregulation, East of the M60
    GMTS, 2009, Greater Manchester Transport Timeline, Museum of Transport Greater Manchester
    TfGM, 2017, Greater Manchester Transport Strategy 2040: A sustainable urban mobility plan for the future, Transport for Greater Manchester
    DfT, 2017, The Bus Services Act 2017 New powers and opportunities, Department for Transport


    1. Hi Ellie,

      Many thanks for your comments. Like yourself, I would love to see another airing of Bus Regulation The Musical.

      As for the other PTEs in a nutshell (these should be enough to get you started, and they came from the top of my head)…

      West Midlands PTE began on the 01 October 1969, taking in Birmingham City Transport, West Bromwich, Wolverhampton and Walsall Corporations. They also co-opted the National Bus Company’s Midland Red routes within the original boundary. In 1974, Coventry Corporation Transport’s routes were added.

      Tyneside PTE – now NEXUS – was formed on the 01 December 1969, taking in municipal operations around Tyneside. In 1974, it became Tyne and Wear PTE following the addition of Sunderland. Away from buses, its most notable achievement is the Tyne and Wear Metro system.

      Merseyside PTE was formed on the 01 December 1969, taking in operations from Liverpool City Transport, Birkenhead, St. Helens and Wallasey Corporations. In 1974, local government reorganisation saw the addition of Southport Corporation’s buses. By 1978, the revamped Mersey Railway tunnel became part of today’s Merseyrail Electrics network, a standalone franchise that is now directly controlled by MPTE’s successors Merseytravel.

      Greater Glasgow PTE took over Glasgow Corporation Transport’s operations in 1972. Two years later, it was expanded to cover the whole of the Strathclyde Regional Council boundary, with responsibility for local rail services, ferries, and the Glasgow Subway (substantially refurbished in 1980).

      West Yorkshire PTE – now Metro West Yorkshire – was founded in 1974, covering Huddersfield and Halifax Corporations, plus Leeds City Transport and Bradford City Transport. Later, there would be integrated ticketing with NBC’s Yorkshire Traction and Yorkshire Woollen District constituencies.

      South Yorkshire PTE – now Travel South Yorkshire – was noted for its ultra cheap at-the-point-of-delivery bus fares, bendibuses and its coffee and cream livery. Formed in 1974, they took over Sheffield Transport, Doncaster Transport and Rotherham Corporation’s buses. Like WYPTE, there was integrated ticketing with NBC constituents – this time, Yorkshire Traction.

      Of particular interest, Metro West Yorkshire’s buses – under the name of Yorkshire Rider – was the first arms-length PTE bus operator to be privatised. It was sold to its management in 1988, who expanded the company towards the City of York. The Rider Group would later be sold to Badgerline – which was later FirstBus, after its merger with the Grampian Regional Transport Group (GRT Group).

      Many thanks,


      Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi Ellie,

      Long time no see! Can’t believe it has been three years since it opened at the Manchester Art Gallery. How’s Summer and the rest of the cast?

      From what I recall off the top of my head, Merseyside bus users didn’t have the indignity of a shotgun divorce like GM Buses. Instead there was confusion when Merseyside’s part of Ribble became North Western.

      Then there was the break up of Crosville which saw the Wirral section becoming part of FirstBus (it is now part of Stagecoach). The MTL buyout of Merseybus and bus wars with GM Buses’ short lived Merseyside foray, then Arriva’s takeover and the sale of Gillmoss depot to GTL (which is now part of Stagecoach).

      It would be great to see you again, though my diary is pretty rammed. Since the Manchester show, I have worked for a non-profit organisation in Chadderton that looks after people with complex care needs. I do the social media stuff, graphic design for its activities, and go out to some of their houses as part of my work.

      All the best with Bus Regulation The Musical: Merseyside to you and the rest of the company. I should imagine the City Region’s political traditions and leanings could make for a great turnout.

      Best wishes,


      Liked by 1 person

  2. Hi Stuart,

    Thanks for getting back to me. Sorry you won’t be able to make it, but it sounds like you know the plot anyway!! 😂 Just about all of that will be acted out by the buses – but they are all local performers from the Merseyside area.

    In case you missed it, there was also a Strathclyde Musical as well in April, which you might enjoy the film from:

    Your new job sounds excellent – I’m glad to hear you’re keeping busy. Best of luck with it.

    Take care,


    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi Ellie,

      I have been based at Future Directions CIC since March 2020 – days before the first COVID lockdown and I love it there! The website is – plus they are also available on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram, and TikTok.

      As well as the more serious stuff of beefing up FD’s social media channels, I have done something called Fun Time Friday with my fellow colleague Kevin P. This goes out to FD’s homes, family and friends via the Facebook page. We dress in daft costumes, Kevin plays guitar and, as well as dancing about, I read shout outs from the viewers. It goes out every Friday at 1.30pm, live from a different house co-starring FD’s supported persons.



      Liked by 1 person

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