Comparisons between rail, tram and bus fares, and private car costs for a family of five persons
To get the best out of this article, I recommend you read my previous one in conjunction with this installment.
In the previous article, I looked at the impact on rail and tram fare increases on individual travellers, and compared fares with taxi rates and motoring costs. The general conclusion of that article was that travelling to Manchester on public transport – even with its shortcomings – was cheaper than driving. The overall cost, even in the most economical of cars was offset by insurance premiums and long stay parking. If he or she chose to drive from home to a smaller town in Greater Manchester, the savings would have been modest. Again, offset by parking costs, particularly so in regional centres like Stockport, Ashton-under-Lyne, Bolton and Wigan, and less so in smaller towns like Woodley, Dukinfield, Farnworth and Hindley.
The same four destinations used in the previous article will be used to ensure fair comparison. Again, the 2008 Ford Ka will be used as our private car.
Unhappy Family Fares?
For a family unit, the car – if shared amongst family members and pooled sensibly – makes for a cheaper alternative to buses, trains, taxis and trams. The driver could choose his or her soundtrack, whether it is Adele’s 21 or In The Night Garden without disrupting other passengers. Cars may offer convenience, but if the child is whisked everywhere by car, they lose out on a number of important life skills. These are: 1) being able to read a timetable; 2) knowing how to board public transport; 3) planning journeys efficiently, and 4) understanding our arcane fare systems.
In Greater Manchester, family fares have only been around across all modes for the last half decade. National Rail – and British Rail before then – has offered discounts for family members since the mid-1980s. This followed on from BR’s successful introduction of Elderly Persons’, Young Persons’ and Disabled Persons’ Railcard. In recent years, restrictions for their discount cards have been tightened with emphasis on avoiding peak hour overcrowding. Furthermore, the Family and Friends Railcard has seen its child reduction slashed, eliminating the maximum child fare of £2.00.
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Summary: Family Fares in Greater Manchester:
- System One Group DaySaver: £10.50 (all buses in Greater Manchester, 2 adults and 3 children);
- System One DaySaver Plus One: £7.10 (all buses in Greater Manchester, 1 adult and 1 child);
- Group Dayrider: £8.50 (all Stagecoach Manchester buses in Greater Manchester, 2 adults and 3 children);
- Dayrider Plus One: £5.80 (all Stagecoach Manchester buses in Greater Manchester, 1 adult and 1 child);
- FirstDay Family: £8.60 (all First Greater Manchester buses in Greater Manchester including the whole 184 route to Huddersfield after 0930 on weekdays, all day weekends and bank holidays, 2 adults and 3 children);
- FirstDay Family and Friends: £7.80 (all First West Yorkshire buses including the whole 589 and 590 routes from Rochdale to Burnley and Halifax – any five passengers);
- Group Wayfarer: £20.00 (all buses, trains and trams within Greater Manchester, the Peak District plus parts of Lancashire and Cheshire);
- Metrolink Family Day Saver: £6.70 (all trams within Greater Manchester, after 0930 on weekdays and all day weekends and bank holidays).
- Family and Friends Railcard: £28, one year (or £65 for three years, purchased online) – 33.3% off adult fares and 60% off children’s half fares – valid for up to four adults and four children.
Please note that a family version of the Greater Manchester Rail Ranger isn’t available.
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Let’s Compare, Our Unfair Fares (2)…
Just to recap, our journeys are:
- Littleborough – Walsden;
- Gorton – Manchester;
- Huddersfield – Stalybridge;
- Manchester – Altrincham.
1. Littleborough – Walsden:
- Bus: 589/590 routes, £7.80 (First West Yorkshire FirstDay Family and Friends ticket);
- Car: 54p (£1.08 return);
- Taxi: £8.40 (£16.80 return);
- Train (before 0930): £11.90 (£7.50 with Family and Friends Railcard discount);
- Train (after 0930): £10.85 (£7.10 with Family and Friends Railcard discount).
Far and away, the car is our cheapest option for the family of five – like one-tenth of the rail fare – and a seventh of the price of a FirstDay Family and Friends. Again, the bus option is more viable if the family group decide to travel further afield into Rochdale, Burnley, Todmorden or Halifax. The only mode of transport more expensive than the other three is the taxi.
By train, the railcard discount brings off-peak and peak hour fares to a level below that of First West Yorkshire’s FirstDay Family and Friends ticket.
2. Gorton – Manchester:
- Bus: £8.50 (Stagecoach Manchester Group DayRider ticket);
- Car: 59p (£1.18 return);
- Taxi: £10.25 (£20.50 return);
- Train (before 0930): £10.85 return (£7.10 with Family and Friends Railcard discount);
- Train (after 0930): £6.30, off-peak return (£5.20 with Family and Friends Railcard discount), £3.15 Evening Return.
Quelle surprise, the car is the cheap option again in terms of travel, but not so cheap when our motorist wishes to take the family to The Print Works or Manchester Arndale. By then, exorbitant parking fees come to the fore. Therefore, a Stagecoach Manchester bus with a Group Dayrider ticket is a more competitive option. Failing that, The Trafford Centre’s free parking makes for a cheaper option for motorists.
Cheaper still – particularly after 0930 or all day weekends and Bank Holidays – and definitely after 1830 – is the train. With its 10 minute journey time, there’s barely enough time for the strains of ‘are we nearly there yet’ compared with being stuck at Hyde Road. On Hyde Road, the bus is a good option if you’re on a budget, patient in peak hours and prefer a service with a more substantial frequency (201s and 203s make for a bus every five minutes – excluding less frequent 204s, 206s and 207s).
Once more, the taxi is our more expensive option, even with the worst excesses of city centre parking fees, and the low cost of Stagecoach’s Group Dayrider and parallel rail fares. The railcard discount – before and after 0930 – makes for the cheapest option on public transport.
3. Huddersfield – Stalybridge:
- Bus: £8.60 (FirstDay Family ticket);
- Car: £2.65 one way (£5.30 return);
- Train (before 0930): £42.35 (£22.90, with Family and Friends Railcard);
- Train (after 0930): £37.10 (£20.00, with Family and Friends Railcard);
- Taxi (five people): £33.50 (£67.00 return).
The train between Huddersfield – Stalybridge cannot be faulted for speed, but its fares remain a bone of contention (which I why I say ‘A Not So Cheap Day Return to Huddersfield’ to my friendly ticket clerk if making that journey). Unsurprisingly, the car is our most cheapest option, though not so cheerful over Marsden Moor on a rain, hail, snow or ice lashed A62.
The rail fare for two adults and three children is a wallet pummelling £37.10, or £42.35 before 0930. For another £25, you could get a return journey by taxi. With a Family and Friends railcard, they are a more accessible £20.00, or £22.90. Even so, the discounted option is three times the price of a FirstDay Family ticket on the 184 and 353/354 routes. What you gain by rail is its more frequent all day service, faster journey times and a direct route (no changing at Uppermill compared with the bus option).
4. Manchester – Altrincham:
- Bus: £10.50 (System One Group DaySaver);
- Car: £1.42 (£2.84 return);
- Train (before 0930): £21.35 return (£11.55 with Family and Friends Railcard);
- Train (after 0930): £13.30 return (£8.00 with Family and Friends Railcard);
- Tram (before 0930): £27.90 return (two adult returns and three child returns, peak hours);
- Tram (after 0930): £6.70 (Metrolink Family Day Ticket).
Once more, the car is the cheapest option, even with the addition of Trafford Council’s parking charges. This is true if the journey is made before 0930. After 0930, and in the weekends and bank holidays, discounted tram and train fares are a much cheaper alternative.
Before 0930, there are no family tickets available on the Metrolink, with the fare for two adults and three children £27.90. After 0930, the £6.70 Family Ticket is the cheapest way between Manchester and Altrincham – and the most flexible given its high frequency. Though less frequent, the rail fare is £21.35 or £13.30 (being £11.55 and £8.00 with the Family and Friends Railcard).
Slower though cheaper than the tram and train in peak hours, is the bus. System One’s Group DaySaver allows travel on all buses in Greater Manchester for our quintet at £10.50. If fed up with Altrincham, our group could board the 18 to Manchester Airport, 19 to Sale, or go to Manchester on Stagecoach Manchester’s 41, instead of Arriva’s 263.
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Value for Mummy or Daddy? In Most Cases, The Car Wins
It seems as if till recently only individual passengers could benefit from the array of day rover tickets and season tickets. Recent history has seen the launch of family friendly day saver tickets at a lower price than the Group Wayfarer with bus and tram specific tickets saving passengers money with reduced boarding times a knock-on effect.
Within Greater Manchester, a family of five can travel quite cheaply on System One’s range of day rovers if making a journey more than five miles. City centre and town centre parking rates make journeys within the TfGM boundary by car a more expensive proposition. Hence the success of The Trafford Centre and retail parks on the edge of town centres.
Supposing we travel outside of the TfGM boundary towards West Yorkshire, the car is a cheaper option, even with Kirklees/Leeds/Calderdale/Bradford/Wakefield councils’ parking rates. Especially so between Stalybridge and Huddersfield where the unsubsidised section from Greenfield to Marsden has a marked affect on fare rates. It is still a dear do between Stalybridge and Huddersfield by rail after Family and Friends Railcard discounts. Particularly galling is that the peak hour return fare is only £25 less than the equivalent journey by taxi!
If your family uses the train often enough, it pays to go for the Family and Friends Railcard. Casual users, if travelling as a family, may be best sticking with their car on cross-boundary journeys. If your family makes most journeys inside their borough or PTE area, consider weekly, monthly or annual season tickets. Where possible, opt for one which covers more than one operator.
In the previous post, we stated how public transport was a more viable option for lone passengers. Families, in most cases, travelling to locations outside Greater Manchester, may be best sharing the family car. In some cases, two cars may be needed as each adult (again using our five member family group as example), but the additional costs of a second car may be more expensive than two adults purchasing bus, rail, tram or multimodal season tickets.
The happy medium of using the car for occasional trips and bus/train/tram season tickets for work based commuting could be a good idea for Greater Mancunian households. Even so, the convenience of the car – in spite of rising fuel and insurance costs – remain a popular option for all family groups. Whereas the cost of peak hour commuting is expensive enough for single persons, family groups falling foul of peak hour restrictions – thanks to the school run and hospital appointments – are hit even more. What’s more, there’s nobody sat behind you wondering why your child is laughing at Macca Pacca. Likewise with mum or dad trying to warble Someone Like You pretty badly.
What’s more, we need to make public transport fares more competitive for family groups. Not only for groups wishing to travel from Denton to Westhoughton, but also groups making more modest journeys (like Denton to Hyde or Haughton Green). This problem isn’t the sole preserve of rail based traction, but the UK’s public transport network in its present form.
Which also explains why the car is seen as the cheaper option. Out of the EU Member States, it is no surprise as to why Britons are the most fervent online shoppers.
S.V., 03 January 2013.