The greatest SID chips off the old block
Thirty years ago, two personal computers would dominate the UK’s video gaming market. Games were loaded from these two machines with a tape deck or – if you had money to burn – a disc drive, or a solid state cartridge. In the United Kingdom, its biggest selling micro was the Sinclair ZX Spectrum. Second in Britain, though the biggest selling personal computer of all time, was the Commodore 64. Many a playground battle would see boys shouting the odds as to whether the Speccy or the Commie was the better machine. One would be laughed at for saying ‘the Tatung Einstein was the best thing since sliced bread’.
With this next paragraph, I shan’t reignite that debate, but the truth was both machines had their shortcomings. With the ZX Spectrum, attribute colour clash, no hardware sprites and weedy sound (sorted out in 1985 with a 3 channel sound chip on its 128k models), though great 3D graphics. As for the Commodore 64, it was mind numbingly slow at 3D graphics (though Geoff Crammond’s Stunt Car Racer proved many a C64er wrong), but it did sprites (eight Movable Object Blocks to be exact, and using Commodore’s terms) and three channel sound. A custom chip, known as the SID chip would be its strongest asset.
Thirty years on, the Sound Interface Device (SID of course, in long hand form by the way) still packs a punch today. Even the creator of this blog listens to the odd Rob Hubbard or Martin Galway composition along with Supertramp and Half Man Half Biscuit. It defined – and added to the popularity of a personal computer which whose innards were originally for arcade machines. It is only fair that on the C64’s 30th birthday we should do a round up of East of the M60‘s greatest Commodore 64 musicians.
Our favoured decant of C64 musicians are as follows:
- Rob Hubbard;
- Martin Galway;
- Tim Follin;
- Ben Daglish;
- Martin Walker;
- Jeroen Tel;
- Chris Hülsbeck;
- David Whittaker;
- Peter Clarke;
- Steve Rowlands.
* * *
1. Rob Hubbard
The most famous C64 musician of them all! Hull born Rob Hubbard composed many a tune for the Commie’s vibrant budget games scene as well as some full price titles. Whilst working with Gremlin Graphics in Sheffield, he created what is often seen as his most celebrated tune: the in-game music to Monty on the Run in 1985. Other notable works included theme music for Mastertronic’s and Firebird’s budget games (One Man and His Droid and Warhawk) and System 3’s International Karate and IK+. In recent times, he has composed music for mobile phone gamers.
- Crazy Comets (Martech, 1985);
- Thrust (Firebird, 1986);
- Mega Apocalypse (Martech, 1987);
- The Last V8 (Mastertronic, 1985);
- Sanxion (Thalamus, 1986).
* * *
2. Martin Galway
Second only to Rob, many a C64 owner would recognise the dulcet tones of Martin Galway. Most of his sonics were done for Ocean and Imagine software houses, with on many of their titles, the Ocean Loading Theme. His most esteemed work is the signature tune to Sensible Software’s Wizball, also published by Ocean Software in 1987. Arcade conversions were his forte with the themes for Arkanoid, Green Beret among his credits. The rather yawnsome Game Over (more famous for its sleazy advert than its playability) also had the Martin Galway treatment.
- Daley Thompson’s Decathlon (Ocean, 1984);
- Hyper Sports (Imagine, 1984);
- Comic Bakery (Imagine, 1988);
- Microprose Soccer (Microprose, 1988).
* * *
3. Tim Follin
Towards the Commodore 64’s commercial retirement, the late 1980s and early 1990s saw the barriers of the SID chip pushed even further. A new generation of musicians such as the Maniacs of Noise and this gentlemen pushed the ADSR envelope much further. Tim Follin’s most celebrated themes were for the Capcom arcade conversions Bionic Commando and Ghouls ‘n’ Ghosts. Like Rob Hubbard, he cut his teeth with Mastertronic before working with US Gold in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
- LED Storm (Go! Software, 1988);
- Psycho Pigs UXB (US Gold, 1988).
* * *
4. Ben Daglish
Just as prolific as – and also a fellow Northerner like Rob Hubbard, the sound of many a mid-1980s C64 game would been a Ben Daglish production. Most of his work were for Gremlin Graphics and US Gold, with his portfolio including music for the latter’s two Gauntlet conversions. With Gremlin, his work included Auf Wiedersehen Monty, Future Knight and Jack The Nipper. For many, his finest hour was the theme to System 3’s The Last Ninja.
- Blasteroids (Image Works/Mirrorsoft, 1989);
- Kettle (Aligata Software, 1987);
- Footballer of the Year (Gremlin Graphics, 1986);
- Super Cars (Gremlin Graphics, 1991).
* * *
5. Martin Walker
Towards the late 1980s, Martin Walker’s tunes were the soundtrack of many an action game, particularly shoot-em-ups and coin-op conversions. His most celebrated work was the in-game music for Thalamus Software’s Armalyte, hailed by many a C64 user as the machine’s finest shoot-em-up. Also equally revered was the in-game music for Citadel.
- Rodland (Storm, 1991);
- Speedball 2: Brutal Deluxe (Image Works, 1991);
- Altered Beast (Activision, 1989);
- SWIV (Storm, 1991).
* * *
6. Jeroen Tel
Jeroen Tel is a founding member of The Maniacs of Noise whom, still to this day, compose in-game music for more contemporary systems and more besides. Formed in 1987, they quickly made a name for themselves on the Commodore 64. His musical scores for Turbo Outrun and Cybernoid gained them an avid following. A leit motif of their work was sampled speech, used to good effect on the intro music to Turbo Outrun, which more than made up for the hideous multiload on the tape version.
- Cybernoid II: The Revenge (Hewson, 1988);
- Last Ninja 3 (System 3, 1991);
- Robocop 3 (Ocean, 1992);
- Lemmings (Psygnosis, 1994);
- Myth (System 3, 1991).
* * *
7. Chris Hülsbeck
Cutting his teeth with Rainbow Arts in the late 1980s, Mr Hülsbeck would always be synonymous with most C64ers for the Turrican signature theme. After working with Manfred Trenz on the C64 conversion of R-Type, they would work on the Turrican game together. Though not as prolific as Rob Hubbard nor Ben Daglish, he left us with some gems.
- Gem’X (Demonware, 1991);
- Grand Monster Slam (Rainbow Arts, 1989);
- Denaris (Rainbow Arts, 1988).
* * *
8. David Whittaker
A lot of people, without even owning a Commodore 64 would have come across a SID tune sometime ago in the UK singles chart. If you remember Kernkraft 400 by Zombie Nation, you would have come across this fellow’s work. Sampled in that piece is David Whittaker’s theme from Terminal Software’s Lazy Jones (1984). Almost from the start of its commercial life, he composed many a SID tune for budget and full price titles. He was quite prolific and did a lot of work for Mastertronic and Codemasters. With the latter software house, he composed the theme for numerous titles including BMX Simulator, which was their first major smash hit and the original Dizzy arcade adventure.
- Glider Rider (Quicksilva, 1986);
- RoadBlasters (US Gold, 1988);
- Speedball (Image Works, 1989).
* * *
9. Peter Clarke
Though not prolific, quality rather than quantity is true of Peter Clarke’s output, particularly with the seminal theme tune to Bubble Bobble. Even now, it remains infectious and in my case an occasional earworm.
- Head Over Heels (Ocean, 1987);
- Repton 3 (Superior Software, 1987).
* * *
10. Steve Rowlands
For our tenth C64 SID maestro, we move on to one of the Commodore 64 community’s most revered double acts (well, one half of them to be exact). If you had a C64 in the early 1990s, the names Apex, or John and Steve Rowlands may ring a bell. They were responsible for the excellent Creatures, Creatures 2 and Mayhem in Monsterland platform games. Besides the lush graphics and twisted torture screens of the first two games, another part of the secret sauce was Steve’s sonic wizardry. On Mayhem in Monsterland, Happy and Sad themes were composed (after Mayhem completed the first level and brought daylight to Monsterland on the next stage).
- Retrograde (Thalamus, 1989);
- Cyberdyne Warrior (Hewson, 1989).
* * *
‘Stay a Little, Stay a While, Stay Forever…’
Glaring omissions? Memories of the ten musicians mentioned? Feel free to comment. Tell us about your favourite Commodore 64 music, whether from commercial or public domain games, or PD demos.
S.V., 30 August 2012.